10 Things To Know About India’s Surgical Strike On Pakistan

India's Surgical Strike

On September 28, India said that it had conducted surgical strikes on terror launchpads across the Line of Control (LoC). The strikes come 11 days after the Uri attacks in which 18 Indian soldiers were killed.

Director General Military Operations (DGMO) Lt-Gen Ranveer Singh confirmed that the strikes were carried out on Wednesday night and caused heavy damage. The announcement was made at a joint briefing held by the defence ministry and the external affairs ministry in New Delhi. External affairs ministry spokesman Vikas Swarup was also present at the briefing.

Here is what we know so far:

1. India targeted seven different camps in Pakistan-occupied Kashmir (PoK).These were apparently terrorist camps where people were placed to allegedly infiltrate Kashmir and eventually, India.

2. According to a report in The Wire, India has stated that the strike was ‘pre-emptive defence’, i.e., attacking an enemy before they have a chance to respond. The report has further stated that while this may be seen as controversial as per international law, considering the worldwide ‘war against terrorism’, there is unlikely to be action against India for it.

3. Operation begins around 12.30 am on Wednesday. According to reports, paratroopers from Special Forces were involved. The commandos were airdropped at the LOC, from where they cross over to pakistani side.

4. The attacks have reportedly been recorded on video, using devices such as drones, and the footage has been preserved. The government is yet to decide whether to release the footage or not.

5. According to sources, Indian commandos entered three kilometres across the Line of Control to conduct the ‘surgical strikes’ .The strikes were carried out in Bhimber, Hotspring, Kel & Lipa sectors, on Pak’s side of LoC, according to reports.

6. 38 terrorists and 2 Pakistani soldiers were killed in Indian Army surgical strikes, no Indian casualties. Those killed included terrorists, their guides and handlers

7. Pakistan’s initial response was to first release a statement that ‘two of its soldiers had been killed in ‘cross border firing’ and then following India’s announcement of a ‘surgical strike’. subsequently release a statement that no such ‘surgical strike’ had taken place.

8. In an interesting note, the targets chosen were specifically not Pakistani infrastructure but terrorist camps. As this report in The Wire speculates, it was possibly a method of sending a strong message to Pakistan without letting the situation escalate any further.

9. Pakistan PM Nawaz Sharif has responded by saying that he condemns “the unprovoked and naked aggression of Indian forces” and the Pakistani army has warned that if Indian troops cross the border, it will strike back. According to Islamabad, this is also a “blatant attempt to deflect attention from human rights abuses in the area”.

10. US lawmakers move bill to designate Pakistan as a terrorist state.The bill, HR 6069 or the Pakistan State Sponsor of Terrorism Designation Act, enjoins the US administration to make a formal call on the matter within four months of its passage.