Day by day the climate conditions on planet earth is changing. Global warming is causing climate patterns to change. Other Day I read a beautiful quote which says “Pollution- If you Don’t kill it, it will kill you”. The message has a very deep meaning and silently warns us for the future. Even people who are healthy and athletic can be affected by air pollution.
When it comes to the polluted cities, many of the world’s most polluted cities are in India. Out of 100 most polluted cities in the world, India alone contributes 31 cities in the list. The cities are ranked based on PM2.5 particles measurements. PM2.5 particles are air pollutants with a diameter of 2.5 micrometers or less, small enough to invade even the smallest airways. These PM2.5 particles are known to produce respiratory and cardiovascular illness.
Standard index rating for air pollutant is given by Air quality guideline (AQG) from the world health organization (WHO) and it specifies that the ideal measurement of PM2.5 particles should be 10. Below is the list of top 6 cities in India which are rated as the most polluted cities.
Lucknow is the largest city in Uttar Pradesh also known as the multicultural city. It is famous for many tourist attractions like Bhool Bhulaiya, Bara Imambara shrine, and Rumi Darwaza. The city of Nawabs holds the title of 6th most polluted city in India with PM2.5 annual mean concentration measuring as 96. It also ranks 10th in the list of world’s most polluted city.
Ahmedabad is the former capital of Gujarat and is located near the banks of the Sabarmati River. In the year 2010, Forbes had ranked Ahmedabad as 3rd in the list of fastest growing cities of the decade. It has emerged as an important economic and industrial hub in India. While making progress they have also hampered the environmental condition by increasing the pollution level. Ahmedabad ranks 5th as the most polluted city in India with PM2.5 annual mean concentration measuring as 100 and ranks 9th in the top 10 list of world most polluted city.
Formerly Raipur was a part of Madhya Pradesh until Chhattisgarh was formed, now it is the capital city and also the largest city in Chhattisgarh state. Raipur is the hub for various industries like Steel, Cement, Alloy, agricultural-processing etc. It is the largest market for steel in India. These Industries are the major reason for polluting the air in Raipur. PM2.5 annual mean concentration measurement for Raipur is 134 and WHO ranked it 4th in the list of world’s most polluted city.
Gwalior is considered as the tourist capital of Madhya Pradesh in India. Many Industries and administrative offices are set up in this city. Gwalior’s PM2.5 annual mean concentration measures 149 and ranks 3rd in the most polluted city in India.
Patna is the capital and largest city of the state of Bihar in India. It ranks second in terms of air pollution with PM2.5 annual mean concentration measuring 149. Severe air pollution in the city has caused a rise in pollution-related respiratory ailments.
Delhi is the second most populous city in the world after Tokyo. It tops the list of the most polluted city not only in India but also in the world with PM2.5 annual mean concentration measuring 150. The level of pollution is 15 times greater than standards. Many lives are at risk as the pollutant could cause serious health hazards. The government has started taking preventive measures to lower the pollution level in the city but the damage is already done.
We can still change the situation only if we start taking actions. Spread the awareness. Remember – You are a part of Eco-system ‘Save India. Avoid Air Pollution. Save Earth’.