The Airplane invention is a boon to Mankind. People can travel from one corner of the world to another in short time. But traveling via air could be a risky affair even a small mistake by the pilot or any crew member could cause damage to many life. Here is the compilation list of 7 deadliest Airplane disasters in history:
7Saudi Arabian Airlines Flight 163
On August 19, 1980, Saudia Flight 163 encountered the world’s deadliest aviation accident that did not involve any crash. As the flight took off from Riyadh International Airport to Jeddah, Saudi Arabia a fire broke out in an aft baggage compartment. The fire entered the passenger cabin but the crew managed to land the plane safely. Before rescue ground crews could open any door for evacuation all 301 people died due to suffocation in this incident. Later the aircraft burst into flames and was consumed by fire.
6Air India Flight 182
This incident occurred on June 23, 1985, an Air India Flight 182, Boeing 747 crashed into the Atlantic Ocean just off the coast of Ireland when a bomb exploded in the cargo hold. All people on board were killed with a death toll of 329. On investigation, it was revealed that a Canadian Sikh militant group was responsible for this incident. A passenger named “M. Singh” had checked in but he did not board the flight, however, his suitcase containing the bomb was loaded onto the plane. It was the worst terrorist attack involving an airplane until the September 11, 2001, attacks.
5Turkish Airlines Flight 981
On March 3, 1974, the Turkish Airlines Flight 981 crashed in a forest leaving all 346 people dead. The flight was traveling from Paris to London. The real cause of the crash was the detachment of the cargo door. After taking off from Orly airport the cargo door detached and caused an explosive decompression because of which Pilot lost the flight controls.
4Charkhi Dadri collision
On November 12, 1996, the worst midair collision was the Charkhi Dadri mid-air collision involving Saudia Flight 763 and Kazakhstan Airlines Flight 1907 over Haryana, India. The collision killed all 349 people on board. The main cause of the accident was the miscommunication by the radio operator. The plane was cleared to descend to 4600 feet, but the Kazakhstan’s radio operator had failed to inform the crew that they had to stay at that altitude, and they continued descending.
Meanwhile, a Saudi Arabian Airlines Boeing 747, took off from Delhi flying directly towards them and was cleared to 4300 feet. It was too late to notice, the tail of the Kazakhstani plane cut through the Boeing’s wing killing everyone onboard.
3Japan Airlines Flight 123
On August 12, 1985, the Japan Airlines flight 123 had a terrible accident. It killed 520 people on board and only 4 members were able to survive the crash. The reason for the crash was the sudden failure of all four hydraulic systems of the plane after takeoff. Because of which the Pilot lost its control over the plane. Before crashing into a mountain, Pilots were able to keep the plane flying for 32 minutes by using differential engine thrust.
This accident occurred on March 27, 1977. It happened when a KLM Boeing 747 attempted to take off without clearance and collided with Pan Am 747 on the Spanish Island of Tenerife. This crash is considered as the deadliest plane crash in history, it killed 583 people. The primary cause of the crash was Pilot error and another reason was the dense fog.
On September 11, 2001, the whole world had witnessed the disaster when 4 planes were hijacked by 19 Al-Qaeda terrorists and were forced to crash. Over 2700 people died and many were injured. It is considered as the worst terrorist attacks using airplanes. Two of the planes, American Airlines Flight 11 and United Airlines Flight 175, were crashed into the World Trade Center complex in New York City. A third plane, American Airlines Flight 77, was crashed into the Pentagon in Arlington County, Virginia, leading to a partial collapse of the buildings. The fourth plane, United Airlines Flight 93, initially was steered toward Washington, D.C., but crashed into a field near Shanksville, Pennsylvania.